Jun 18, 2024
Travis Palmer

Business Loan Rates: What to Expect

Securing a business loan can provide the necessary capital to grow and sustain your business. Understanding business loan rates is crucial for making informed decisions and finding the best financing options. This guide covers what to expect with business loan rates, factors that affect them, different types of loans, and tips for securing the best rates.

1. Factors Affecting Business Loan Rates


  • Personal Credit Score: Lenders often evaluate the personal credit score of business owners. Higher scores generally result in lower interest rates.
  • Business Credit Score: A strong business credit score can also help secure better loan terms.

Business Financials:

  • Revenue: Higher and more stable revenue streams can lead to lower interest rates.
  • Profitability: Consistently profitable businesses are seen as lower risk.
  • Debt-to-Income Ratio: Lower ratios indicate a healthy balance of debt and income, leading to better rates.

Loan Amount and Term:

  • Loan Amount: Larger loans may come with different interest rates compared to smaller loans.
  • Loan Term: Shorter-term loans often have lower rates but higher monthly payments. Longer-term loans may have higher rates but lower monthly payments.

Type of Loan:

Different types of business loans come with varying interest rates based on their structure and purpose.


  • Secured Loans: Loans backed by collateral typically have lower interest rates.
  • Unsecured Loans: These loans often have higher rates due to the increased risk to the lender.

Market Conditions:

  • Economic Environment: Interest rates can fluctuate based on the overall economic environment and the Federal Reserve's policies.

2. Types of Business Loans and Their Rates

Term Loans:

  • Definition: A lump sum loan repaid over a set period with fixed or variable interest rates.
  • Rates: Typically range from 6% to 30% depending on creditworthiness and other factors.

SBA Loans:

  • Definition: Loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration, offering favorable terms.
  • Rates: Generally range from 5.5% to 8%.

Lines of Credit:

  • Definition: A revolving credit line that allows businesses to draw funds as needed.
  • Rates: Typically range from 7% to 25%.

Equipment Loans:

  • Definition: Loans specifically for purchasing equipment, with the equipment serving as collateral.
  • Rates: Generally range from 4% to 20%.

Invoice Financing:

  • Definition: Loans based on outstanding invoices, providing immediate cash flow.
  • Rates: Typically range from 10% to 60% APR, depending on invoice terms and lender.

Merchant Cash Advances:

  • Definition: Advances based on future credit card sales, repaid through a percentage of daily sales.
  • Rates: Can range from 20% to 250% APR due to high risk and fees.

3. How to Secure the Best Business Loan Rates

Improve Credit Scores:

  • Personal Credit: Pay down debts, make timely payments, and correct any errors on your credit report.
  • Business Credit: Establish and maintain a good business credit history.

Prepare Comprehensive Financials:

  • Detailed Financial Statements: Provide up-to-date balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements.
  • Tax Returns: Ensure you have at least two to three years of personal and business tax returns.

Shop Around:

  • Compare Lenders: Research and compare rates from multiple lenders, including banks, credit unions, and online lenders.
  • Negotiate Terms: Don’t hesitate to negotiate interest rates and terms with lenders.

Consider Collateral:

  • Secure the Loan: Offering collateral can significantly reduce interest rates.
  • Assess Assets: Use assets such as equipment, real estate, or inventory to secure the loan.

Strengthen Your Business Plan:

  • Clear Business Plan: Present a solid business plan that outlines your business model, market analysis, and financial projections.
  • Demonstrate Stability: Highlight your business’s stability and growth potential.

4. Common Questions About Business Loan Rates

How are business loan rates determined?

Lenders consider factors such as credit scores, business financials, loan amount and term, collateral, and market conditions to determine business loan rates.

Can I get a fixed or variable interest rate?

Both fixed and variable interest rates are available for business loans. Fixed rates remain constant throughout the loan term, while variable rates fluctuate based on market conditions.

Are there fees in addition to interest rates?

Yes, business loans may come with additional fees such as origination fees, application fees, and prepayment penalties. It’s important to consider the total cost of the loan, not just the interest rate.

What is APR, and how does it affect my loan?

The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) includes both the interest rate and any fees, providing a more comprehensive view of the loan’s cost. It’s a useful metric for comparing different loan offers.


Understanding business loan rates is essential for making informed decisions and securing the best financing for your business. By considering factors such as creditworthiness, loan type, and market conditions, and by taking steps to improve your financial profile, you can secure favorable loan terms.

Ready to explore your funding options and secure the right financial solutions for your business? Get offers today! Fill out an application with Approvd and discover the best funding solutions for your business. For more business, credit, and financial insights, visit our Approvd blog page.

About the Author

With over 20 years of experience in the business loan marketplace at Approvd, our expert has helped countless small business owners navigate the complexities of securing the right funding. Passionate about empowering entrepreneurs, our expert combines industry knowledge with a deep understanding of the challenges faced by small businesses today.

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