Jun 18, 2024
Travis Palmer

Understanding Credit Scores and Their Possible Impacts on Your Business

Credit scores play a crucial role in the financial health of both individuals and businesses. They influence everything from loan approvals to interest rates and even business opportunities. Understanding credit scores and their potential impacts can help you make informed financial decisions and improve your business's creditworthiness. Here’s a comprehensive guide to credit scores and their possible impacts on your business.

1. What is a Credit Score?


A credit score is a numerical representation of your creditworthiness, reflecting your ability to repay borrowed money. It is calculated based on your credit history and financial behavior.

Types of Credit Scores:

  • Personal Credit Score: Reflects an individual's creditworthiness and is used by lenders to assess personal loan applications.
  • Business Credit Score: Reflects a business’s creditworthiness and is used by lenders, suppliers, and creditors to evaluate business loan applications and credit terms.

Credit Score Ranges:

  • Excellent: 750-850
  • Good: 700-749
  • Fair: 650-699
  • Poor: 600-649
  • Very Poor: 300-599

2. How Credit Scores are Calculated

Personal Credit Scores:

Personal credit scores are typically calculated using the following factors:

  • Payment History: 35% - Your track record of paying bills on time.
  • Credit Utilization: 30% - The amount of credit you're using relative to your credit limits.
  • Length of Credit History: 15% - The age of your credit accounts.
  • Credit Mix: 10% - The variety of credit accounts (loans, credit cards, etc.).
  • New Credit: 10% - Recent credit inquiries and newly opened accounts.

Business Credit Scores:

Business credit scores are calculated using different criteria, such as:

  • Payment History: Timeliness of payments to creditors and suppliers.
  • Credit Utilization: Usage of available credit lines.
  • Company Size: Business size and financial strength.
  • Industry Risk: The risk level associated with the industry.
  • Public Records: Bankruptcies, liens, and judgments.

3. Impacts of Credit Scores on Your Business

Loan Approvals:

  • High Credit Scores: Higher chances of loan approvals with favorable terms and lower interest rates.
  • Low Credit Scores: Difficulty in securing loans and higher interest rates if approved.

Interest Rates:

  • Favorable Interest Rates: High credit scores often result in lower interest rates, reducing the cost of borrowing.
  • Higher Interest Rates: Low credit scores can lead to higher interest rates, increasing the cost of borrowing.

Credit Terms with Suppliers:

  • Better Credit Terms: High credit scores can lead to more favorable credit terms with suppliers, such as extended payment periods and larger credit lines.
  • Restrictive Terms: Low credit scores may result in stricter credit terms or the need for upfront payments.

Business Insurance Premiums:

  • Lower Premiums: Businesses with high credit scores may benefit from lower insurance premiums.
  • Higher Premiums: Low credit scores can lead to higher insurance costs due to perceived higher risk.

Lease Agreements:

  • Easier Leasing: High credit scores can simplify the process of securing commercial leases with better terms.
  • Challenges in Leasing: Low credit scores may result in higher security deposits or difficulty in securing leases.

Vendor Relationships:

  • Strong Vendor Relationships: High credit scores can build trust with vendors, leading to better deals and partnerships.
  • Strained Relationships: Low credit scores can strain relationships with vendors and limit business opportunities.

4. How to Improve Your Credit Score

Personal Credit Score:

  • Pay Bills on Time: Ensure all bills and loans are paid promptly.
  • Reduce Credit Utilization: Keep credit card balances low relative to your credit limits.
  • Monitor Credit Reports: Regularly check your credit reports for errors and dispute inaccuracies.
  • Limit New Credit Applications: Avoid applying for multiple new credit accounts in a short period.

Business Credit Score:

  • Pay Suppliers Promptly: Ensure timely payments to suppliers and creditors.
  • Manage Credit Utilization: Maintain a healthy balance between used and available credit.
  • Monitor Business Credit Reports: Regularly review your business credit reports and correct any errors.
  • Build Credit History: Establish and maintain multiple credit accounts to build a robust credit history.
  • Resolve Public Records: Address any liens, judgments, or bankruptcies promptly.


Understanding how credit scores are calculated and their potential impacts on your business is essential for maintaining financial health and securing favorable financing options. By managing your personal and business credit responsibly, you can improve your credit scores, leading to better loan terms, lower interest rates, and enhanced business opportunities.

Ready to explore your funding options? Get offers today! Fill out an application with Approvd and discover the best funding solutions for your business. For more business, credit, and financial insights, visit our Approvd blog page.

About the Author

With over 20 years of experience in the business loan marketplace at Approvd, our expert has helped countless small business owners navigate the complexities of securing the right funding. Passionate about empowering entrepreneurs, our expert combines industry knowledge with a deep understanding of the challenges faced by small businesses today.

Man and woman small business owners

Compare competing offers and get funding for your business today.