Jun 18, 2024
Travis Palmer

Understanding SBA Loan Collateral Requirements: What You Need to Know

Securing a Small Business Administration (SBA) loan can provide essential funding for your business, but meeting the collateral requirements is a crucial part of the application process. This guide explores what types of collateral are accepted, how to value your assets, and tips for meeting collateral requirements for your SBA loan.

1. What is Collateral?


  • Collateral: Assets pledged by a borrower to secure a loan, which can be seized by the lender if the borrower defaults on the loan.


  • Risk Mitigation: Collateral reduces the lender's risk by providing a secondary source of repayment.

2. SBA Loan Programs and Collateral Requirements

SBA 7(a) Loan Program

  • Overview: The most common SBA loan program, used for various business purposes.
  • Collateral Requirements: The SBA requires collateral for loans over $25,000. For loans up to $350,000, lenders follow SBA’s credit standards and may require collateral. For loans over $350,000, lenders are required to collateralize the loan to the maximum extent possible, up to the loan amount.

SBA 504 Loan Program

  • Overview: Designed for purchasing fixed assets like real estate and equipment.
  • Collateral Requirements: The primary collateral is the asset being financed (e.g., the property or equipment).

SBA Microloan Program

  • Overview: Provides small loans up to $50,000 for small businesses and certain not-for-profit childcare centers.
  • Collateral Requirements: Collateral requirements vary by lender, but typically include business assets, personal guarantees, and sometimes personal assets.

SBA Disaster Loans

  • Overview: Provides low-interest loans to businesses affected by declared disasters.
  • Collateral Requirements: Required for loans over $25,000. Collateral can include real estate and business assets.

3. Types of Collateral Accepted

Real Estate

  • Commercial Property: Buildings, warehouses, and office spaces.
  • Residential Property: Homes and rental properties owned by the business owner.


  • Machinery: Manufacturing equipment, construction machinery, and other heavy equipment.
  • Office Equipment: Computers, furniture, and other office supplies.


  • Stock: Products held in inventory for sale.

Accounts Receivable

  • Invoices: Outstanding invoices owed to the business by customers.

Personal Assets

  • Vehicles: Cars, trucks, and other vehicles owned by the business owner.
  • Savings and Investments: Personal savings accounts, stocks, bonds, and other investments.

4. Valuing Your Collateral

Professional Appraisal

  • Real Estate Appraisal: Hire a professional appraiser to determine the market value of your real estate.
  • Equipment Valuation: Obtain an appraisal for machinery and equipment to assess its current market value.

Book Value

  • Inventory and Receivables: Use the book value (cost minus depreciation) for inventory and accounts receivable.

Lender’s Assessment

  • Internal Valuation: Lenders may use their own methods and tools to assess the value of your collateral.

5. Tips for Meeting Collateral Requirements

Maintain Accurate Records

  • Documentation: Keep detailed records of all assets, including purchase receipts, maintenance records, and appraisals.
  • Financial Statements: Ensure your financial statements accurately reflect the value of your assets.

Diversify Collateral

  • Multiple Assets: Use a combination of different types of collateral to meet the lender’s requirements.
  • Personal and Business Assets: Be prepared to pledge both personal and business assets if necessary.

Improve Asset Value

  • Maintenance: Regularly maintain your equipment and property to preserve their value.
  • Debt Reduction: Pay down existing debts to increase the equity available in your assets.

Personal Guarantee

  • Commitment: Be willing to provide a personal guarantee to show your commitment to repaying the loan.

6. Navigating the Application Process

Prepare Thoroughly

  • Business Plan: Present a solid business plan that outlines how the loan will be used and how it will benefit the business.
  • Collateral Documentation: Provide detailed information and documentation about the collateral you are offering.

Work with a Professional

  • SBA Lender: Partner with an SBA-approved lender who has experience with SBA loan applications.
  • Financial Advisor: Consider working with a financial advisor or consultant to navigate the application process.

Be Transparent

  • Open Communication: Maintain open and honest communication with your lender about your financial situation and collateral.


Meeting the collateral requirements for an SBA loan is an essential part of securing funding for your business. By understanding what types of collateral are accepted, accurately valuing your assets, and preparing thoroughly, you can increase your chances of obtaining an SBA loan.

Ready to explore your funding options and secure the right financial solutions for your business? Get offers today! Fill out an application with Approvd and discover the best funding solutions for your business. For more business, credit, and financial insights, visit our Approvd blog page.

About the Author

With over 20 years of experience in the business loan marketplace at Approvd, our expert has helped countless small business owners navigate the complexities of securing the right funding. Passionate about empowering entrepreneurs, our expert combines industry knowledge with a deep understanding of the challenges faced by small businesses today.

Man and woman small business owners

Compare competing offers and get funding for your business today.